FAQ ver.1.4 - 13-Jan-2012

  1. Q: I've never written a robot. It's quite difficult, isn't it? What do I have to do ?

    A: Not at all. The CROBOTS manual, all documents and hundreds of source code are freely available for learning.

  2. Q: Can I write robots using other programming languages (Pascal, C++, BASIC) ?

    A: No. CROBOTS accepts an ANSI C subset only.

  3. Q: Can I use Crobots32 (Pascal Robots or other clones) for testing my robot?

    A: No, and it would not be useful at all because they are not compatible (Crobots32 neither) with CROBOTS.

  4. Q: Is there any graphical interface of CROBOTS?

    A: As for the match visualisation no, there isn't: that for Ms-DOS/Linux platforms is text-based only. CROBOTS Amiga has a pretty good graphical interface but its compiler isn't 100% compatible with the Ms-DOS/Linux version.

  5. Q: Is there any CROBOTS version for Windows 7/10/11?

    A: Yes. There's a CROBOTS Windows32 and 64-bit binary.

  6. Q: May I run CROBOTS with other operating systems?

    A: CROBOTS runs on any operating systems with the arm64, x86-32 and x86-64 Windows/Linux/macOS architecture (or emulation). There're also (old) binaries for HP-UX, Solaris, IBM AIX, and Playstation architectures.

  7. Q: What's the Linux version which supports CROBOTS?

    A: Any! Check the (link) and download the binaries.

  8. Q: What are the differences between the CROBOTS binaries versions?

    A: There isn't any substantial difference. The Linux version is the official one. The only differences are the 32-bit and 64-bit versions: any binary (.ro) compiled with the 32-bit CROBOTS version won't work with the 64-bit one and vice versa. Interestingly, both Windows 32 and 64-bit CROBOTS executables do compile into 64-bit .ro binaries.

  9. Q: What are the best robots for benchmarking and comparisons ?

    A: As usual the robots standing on the last yearly tournament final stage.

  10. Q: How can I analyze all CROBOTS log files ?

    A: Online, follow the download link where you can find several utilities which are useful for this purpose.

  11. Q: How do I calculate the repetition factor (which I can use for testing my robots) ?

    A: You decide how many matches each robots pair runs ; e.g. this number is TOT, the formula is :

          ------- (rounding up)
         (N-2) C 2
    Where N is the number of all robots and the nCr operator returns the numbers of combinations of 'n' elements 'r' times. Example: 1000 matches for each pair, 24 robots
           1000        1000
        ----------  = ------ = 4.329 , rounded up to 5
       (24 - 2) C 2     231

    The face2face matches for each pair is obviously equal to the repetition factor.

  12. Q: How many tests do I have to run to obtain reliable results?

    A: The standard deviation, using a repetition factor 5 and 24 robots, is about 1-1.5%; if you get any improvement or worsening out of this interval the results are fairly reliable, otherwise you may want to increase the repetition factor or repeat the test.. or trust :-)

  13. Q: The Linux version of the CROBOTS compiler, in a single match, is going too fast. What can I do?

    A: This is a well-known issue: the only work-around is to use the version of the CROBOTS compiler for MS-DOS in a DOSBox emulator window, available for all Linux distributions.